The Road to Gotokuji

13 Apr

There are several legends about the origin of Maneki Neko, the beckoning cat statue that is said to bring good luck to its owner. The most widely accepted story goes back to a poor temple in early 17th century Japan (and is documented in temple records).

The temple, which became known as Gotokuji, was located in the village of Setagaya near Edo (now Tokyo). Although the temple priest barely had enough food for himself, he took in a stray white cat, who he called Tama. The situation at the temple worsened, and one day, the priest told Tama that he might be better off leaving and fending for himself. The cat did not go far, however. Tama sat beside the road near the temple preening himself (the way cats often do) as a storm began to brew. A samurai Lord and his men stopped to shelter under a nearby tree. When the samurai, Lord Ii Naotaka of Hikone, saw Tama’s paw raised as if beckoning to him, he approached the cat. As the samurai and his men moved away from the tree, it was struck by lightning. The cat had saved their lives. Lord Ii followed Tama to the temple, where he and his men were welcomed by the priest.

Grateful, and impressed by the priest, Lord Ii became the patron of the temple. Thanks to the lucky cat, the temple prospered. Later, when Tama died, he was given a place of honour in the temple cemetery, and the first beckoning cat statue was created in his memory. Word spread, and people began placing figurines of beckoning cats in their homes, shops and temples, believing it would bring them good luck and prosperity. Over time, the Lucky Cat statue became popular in China and eventually other countries as well.

Gotokuji Temple still exists, though what was once the village of Setagaya is now a suburb of Tokyo. Under the patronage of the Ii clan, Gotokuji expanded, and now includes a large graveyard where many important members of the Ii family are buried, a large Butsuden Buddha hall, a worship hall, a small older temple dedicated to Maneki Neko, a newly built wooden pagoda decorated with carved Maneki Nekos, and an office where Maneki Nekos statues and wooden emas (votive plaques) can be purchased.

(Small Maneki Neko temple on the large grounds of present-day Gotokuji)

(Gotokuji Pagoda -decorated with carved Maneki Neko)

The statues (purchased at the temple office) are customarily left as a kind of offering on outdoor shelves, which are filled with white cat statues (though the cats may also be kept as souvenirs).

Wishes or prayers are written on the back of the emas and hung on an outdoor board. People may pray or wish for any desire, but concern for pet cats is a special focus at Gotokuji (the temple’s graveyard is even said to have a section for the graves of beloved cats).

In Lord Ii’s day, it would have been a long horseback ride (or an even longer walk) from Edo to Setagaya. Today, it is a 20 minute train ride along the Odakyu Line from Shinjuku to Gotokuji station, then about a 15-20 minute walk from the station to Gotokuji Temple.

Emerging from the modern train station beside a Macdonalds Restaurant, it’s hard to imagine the old narrow dirt road that must have passed by the temple in Lord Ii’s time.

But walking along the bustling row of small shops following the Beckoning Cat street banners, there are glimpses of a past way of life in the laughter exchanged between neighbouring shopkeepers, an old woman serving noodles in a family-run restaurant, futons draped over a fence to air beside the road….

Turning off the busy road and away from the banners, there is a sense of stepping back into a less hurried time and onto a kind of pilgrimage. After walking along a quiet back street of modest houses and gardens, you eventually come alongside a tall white wall with the tops of grave markers visible beyond. Follow the wall until you come to the gate, and you have reached Gotokuji Temple, the home of the first Maneki Neko. Whether or not you believe in the magic of Maneki Neko, you know you have arrived some place special.

(Entrance gate at Gotokuji Temple, Setagaya, Tokyo)

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15 Responses to “The Road to Gotokuji”

  1. fionafly September 4, 2011 at 5:19 am #

    Very Good :)

    • Lucky Cat - Maneki Neko September 4, 2011 at 5:07 pm #

      Thanks!

  2. Chanel Marie January 16, 2012 at 7:32 am #

    I love Maneki Neko!

  3. Chanel Marie January 25, 2012 at 7:39 am #

    I was inspired to write a short and funny blog because of Maneki Neko. Thank you little cute one!!! The URL is http://shankybaby.blogspot.com/2012/01/shanky-baby-is-maneki-neko.html

    • Lucky Cat - Maneki Neko April 3, 2012 at 12:58 pm #

      thanks for sharing!

  4. inkspeare April 3, 2012 at 5:54 am #

    I just purchased my first Maneki Neko cat. I have admired them for years but finally I got one. Any suggestions as to proper placement in the home? Thanks, I enjoyed your post very much and was very informative.

    • Lucky Cat - Maneki Neko April 3, 2012 at 1:07 pm #

      Glad you enjoyed the post! Businesses tend to place Maneki Neko in a window or entrance way where it is well positioned to beckon in customers and good fortune. You may want to place yours where it can welcome guests into your home, or even just a special spot that catches your eye (mine keep me company in my office –and, with any luck, welcome some inspiration as I work).

      • inkspeare April 3, 2012 at 2:36 pm #

        Thanks, it will certainly have a special place :)

  5. Sam April 1, 2013 at 6:38 am #

    Love this one. I wanna so bad this specific Maneki Neko… but it’s so hard to find in the internet.. can you help me ?

    • Lucky Cat - Maneki Neko April 1, 2013 at 11:12 am #

      As far as I know, this Maneki Neko is only available at Gotokuji Temple in Tokyo. You can watch for it to come up on Ebay. There is a small lucky cat (about 4 inches high) that comes with a little book available from Amazon, which looks somewhat similar: http://amzn.to/YqZviU

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. In Bamboo Groves Did the Maneki Neko Roam? « Lucky Cat – Maneki Neko - August 28, 2011

    [...] did not help the cat’s reputation. How then did the story of the cat that helped Lord Ii at Gotokuji Temple take root and lead to the creation of the much-loved Maneki Neko, which has spread around the [...]

  2. Maneki Neko at Last! « Inkspeare - April 10, 2012

    [...] Maneki Neko’s – the Beckoning Cat – origin is Japanese and it represents good luck, protection, prosperity, and good fortune.  To own one is to wish that to yourself and to all who enter your home and business – this is why they are so common in Asian businesses and homes.  Since I want this vibe for me and all who enter my home, I decided that admiring the Maneki Neko from afar was not good enough, and I brought one into my home.  There are several stories about the origin of the Maneki Neko, and there is a temple which relates to one of those stories.  This temple is visited by tourists and locals – it is called Gotokuji Temple.  I read about it on this blog which is dedicated to Maneki Nekos – http://luckymanekineko.wordpress.com/2011/04/13/the-road-to-gotokuji/ [...]

  3. What does Setagaya mean? | JAPAN THIS! - July 8, 2013

    […] story goes that once upon a time, there was an impoverished temple called 豪徳寺 Gōtoku-ji. Even though the head priest of the temple had barely enough food for […]

  4. Gotoku-ji : chat’prishiti ! « Ta3mam – Japon, beauté et musique - February 13, 2014

    […] Situé à Setagaya, le Gotoku-ji est connu pour ses centaines de statuettes de Maneki Neko plus ou moins grandes et presque toutes […]

  5. Maneki Neko | Every Inch - February 19, 2014

    […] the Maneki Neko has a great story behind it. I’d recommend reading up on it at this blog, which is also where I found all the information about how to get to Gotokuji […]

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